喜歡就點讚?探討社群媒體中符號與文字情感之影響力 = Like to click? the influence of emotions in Emoji and text on social media / 曾筱喬撰

曾筱喬
Bib ID
vtls002130413
出版項
新北市淡水區 : 淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班, 2017
稽核項
iv, 85葉 : 圖, 表 ; 30公分
電子版
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全部評等: 0
條碼 館藏地 索書號 冊次 複本 電子資源 館藏狀態  
00002820611
總館1樓採編(教學研究急需,可申請急用)
TT YMB106 /8396
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$a Like to click? the influence of emotions in Emoji and text on social media
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$a 附參考文獻
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$a 2011年iOS行動裝置系統支援表情符號(Emoji)功能,便帶來溝通媒介革新的開始,在行動裝置日益普及之背景下,順水推舟使Emoji使用率逐年成長,經Emoji Consumer Science Team於2015調查使用Emoji之原因得知,其中以“可以幫助對方更清楚的了解訊息”為最主要原因。Tauch and Kanjo(2016)認為短訊傳遞情感不如於面對面交流方式,因此,許多人利用表情符號表達自己的情緒,表情符號相較於本文更富有情感更貼近使用者感覺和心情。而在Facebook具有相當豐富之情緒符號數據之平台,Like符號於2009年開放至今,且於2015年又加入其它五種表情符號。因此,本研究欲建構符號與文字情感為基礎之情感分析模式,及探討符號與文字中情感之文章熱門程度對於社會網絡之影響力,發展以情感為基礎之文章熱門程度之模式,將表情符號與文字進行量化,因此,採用SentiStrength軟體與LIWC軟體,轉換Facebook上六種表情符號與文字為數字,並將表情符號視為權重之概念,而文字情感為輔助之角色,以減少情感因素之誤差,並將情感因素建構在Chen, Hheng, He and Jiang (2012) 所提文章品質之概念,認為具有影響力的文章是需要以品質的文章為基礎,好品質的文章是尤分享文章次數及回文的數量為衡量依據。 本研究沿用此概念為文章品質熱門度,發展出個人文章熱門度與主題文章熱門度,根據所建立模式,而本研究的研究對象為2016美國總統大選候選人希拉蕊與川普將所收集之發文,分為四種類別選舉相關議題、希拉蕊與川普討論對手相關議題、希拉蕊與川普討論個人相關議題、其它相關議題,經本研究所提出主題評論模式比較結果得知,川普在討論對手相關議題、討論個人相關議題、其它相關議題分數皆高於希拉蕊,而希拉蕊在選舉相關議題則高於川普,本研究認為此結果與希拉蕊為政治家背景有密且關係,在具有娛樂性質之社交平台中,追蹤政治家之動機,則會較偏向為支持態度或是對於政治議題較關心之使用者,因此,在談論選舉之話題較引起使用者之共鳴,當僅考慮文章品質熱門度與本研究文章熱門度與主題文章熱門度模式比較時,文章品質熱門度能呈現出文章討論度高低,但無法了解在這高討論度是由憤怒或喜愛等情感所匯聚而成,但本研究所發展之模式,因具有情感因素,透由情感因素可放大或縮小文章品質熱門度,便可了解文章之情感導向。在情感對社會網絡影響力之關係中,利用轉發為社會網絡之特徵探討表情符號與轉發之關係,根據情符號與分享次數之相關係數結果得知,以Like及Love與分享次數相關性最高且基於轉發為社會網絡影響力之特徵與因素之一,同時也代表情感因素與社會網絡影響力關係為正相關,本研究亦進一步將社會網絡範圍擴大至Google關鍵字搜尋趨勢圖上,檢視情感因素、分享與時事之關係,比較情感因素與分享對於時事解釋力強度如何,結果得知,總表情符號數相較於分享次數與Google趨勢圖之關係較為有強烈關係,其中又以選舉議題與Google趨勢圖關係皆較有中度強烈正相關,表示在社會媒體中情感回饋相較於分享與時事正相關更高。
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$a In 2011, iOS devices supported the emojisin the text which pushed the increment of usage. According to the report of Consumer Science Team in 2015, emojis can help users clearly understand the message. Tauch and Kanjo (2016) considered short message (text) may not deliver the emotions compared to face-to-face communication. That is, emojis may present relevant emotions and close to real feelings. In 2015, Facebook launched new functions that allowed users to use five more emoticons except “like”. This research considers the emotions in the text and emojis to investigate the influence of a post on social media. We build a sentiment-based model to measure the influence of a post on social media. The sentiment in text and emoticon will be quantified by using SentiStrength and LIWC in the proposed model. The concept was to take into account emoticons as the weight to adjust the quality of post based on the research of Chen, Hheng, He and Jiang (2012). This study developed a model that combines quality of post and sentiment of text and emoticons simultaneously. Our model has two different types: individual and joint topic for comparison. We collected data on Facebook of 2016 US presidential campaign between September and November 8th with two major candidates: Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. The collected data was separated into four categories: election, opponent, individual, and others. The results showed Donald Trump has higher scores of opponent, individual, and others than Hillary Clinton. Hillary Clinton has higher score of election than Donald Trump. We infer that the background of Hillary Clinton may be the reason to attract followers to support the posts of election issue. We discovered quality of post only can reveal the popularity of a post with unknown positive or negative emotions. Our model (individual and joint topic) can not only reveal the popularity of the post but also present the direction of emotion. Furthermore, the outcomes showed emoticons has positive relations with number of share; particularly, Like and Love have highest impact on the relations. In other words, our model proves the positive influence of emoticons on a post in social media. In addition, we examine the relations between total number of emoji and number of share. The outcomes showed total number of emoji has higher positive relations than number of share on the curve of Google trend. The category of election has highest impact on the relations (the curve of Google trend) and shows emojis have positive relations on social media.
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沒有評論
摘要
2011年iOS行動裝置系統支援表情符號(Emoji)功能,便帶來溝通媒介革新的開始,在行動裝置日益普及之背景下,順水推舟使Emoji使用率逐年成長,經Emoji Consumer Science Team於2015調查使用Emoji之原因得知,其中以“可以幫助對方更清楚的了解訊息”為最主要原因。Tauch and Kanjo(2016)認為短訊傳遞情感不如於面對面交流方式,因此,許多人利用表情符號表達自己的情緒,表情符號相較於本文更富有情感更貼近使用者感覺和心情。而在Facebook具有相當豐富之情緒符號數據之平台,Like符號於2009年開放至今,且於2015年又加入其它五種表情符號。因此,本研究欲建構符號與文字情感為基礎之情感分析模式,及探討符號與文字中情感之文章熱門程度對於社會網絡之影響力,發展以情感為基礎之文章熱門程度之模式,將表情符號與文字進行量化,因此,採用SentiStrength軟體與LIWC軟體,轉換Facebook上六種表情符號與文字為數字,並將表情符號視為權重之概念,而文字情感為輔助之角色,以減少情感因素之誤差,並將情感因素建構在Chen, Hheng, He and Jiang (2012) 所提文章品質之概念,認為具有影響力的文章是需要以品質的文章為基礎,好品質的文章是尤分享文章次數及回文的數量為衡量依據。 本研究沿用此概念為文章品質熱門度,發展出個人文章熱門度與主題文章熱門度,根據所建立模式,而本研究的研究對象為2016美國總統大選候選人希拉蕊與川普將所收集之發文,分為四種類別選舉相關議題、希拉蕊與川普討論對手相關議題、希拉蕊與川普討論個人相關議題、其它相關議題,經本研究所提出主題評論模式比較結果得知,川普在討論對手相關議題、討論個人相關議題、其它相關議題分數皆高於希拉蕊,而希拉蕊在選舉相關議題則高於川普,本研究認為此結果與希拉蕊為政治家背景有密且關係,在具有娛樂性質之社交平台中,追蹤政治家之動機,則會較偏向為支持態度或是對於政治議題較關心之使用者,因此,在談論選舉之話題較引起使用者之共鳴,當僅考慮文章品質熱門度與本研究文章熱門度與主題文章熱門度模式比較時,文章品質熱門度能呈現出文章討論度高低,但無法了解在這高討論度是由憤怒或喜愛等情感所匯聚而成,但本研究所發展之模式,因具有情感因素,透由情感因素可放大或縮小文章品質熱門度,便可了解文章之情感導向。在情感對社會網絡影響力之關係中,利用轉發為社會網絡之特徵探討表情符號與轉發之關係,根據情符號與分享次數之相關係數結果得知,以Like及Love與分享次數相關性最高且基於轉發為社會網絡影響力之特徵與因素之一,同時也代表情感因素與社會網絡影響力關係為正相關,本研究亦進一步將社會網絡範圍擴大至Google關鍵字搜尋趨勢圖上,檢視情感因素、分享與時事之關係,比較情感因素與分享對於時事解釋力強度如何,結果得知,總表情符號數相較於分享次數與Google趨勢圖之關係較為有強烈關係,其中又以選舉議題與Google趨勢圖關係皆較有中度強烈正相關,表示在社會媒體中情感回饋相較於分享與時事正相關更高。
In 2011, iOS devices supported the emojisin the text which pushed the increment of usage. According to the report of Consumer Science Team in 2015, emojis can help users clearly understand the message. Tauch and Kanjo (2016) considered short message (text) may not deliver the emotions compared to face-to-face communication. That is, emojis may present relevant emotions and close to real feelings. In 2015, Facebook launched new functions that allowed users to use five more emoticons except “like”. This research considers the emotions in the text and emojis to investigate the influence of a post on social media. We build a sentiment-based model to measure the influence of a post on social media. The sentiment in text and emoticon will be quantified by using SentiStrength and LIWC in the proposed model. The concept was to take into account emoticons as the weight to adjust the quality of post based on the research of Chen, Hheng, He and Jiang (2012). This study developed a model that combines quality of post and sentiment of text and emoticons simultaneously. Our model has two different types: individual and joint topic for comparison. We collected data on Facebook of 2016 US presidential campaign between September and November 8th with two major candidates: Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. The collected data was separated into four categories: election, opponent, individual, and others. The results showed Donald Trump has higher scores of opponent, individual, and others than Hillary Clinton. Hillary Clinton has higher score of election than Donald Trump. We infer that the background of Hillary Clinton may be the reason to attract followers to support the posts of election issue. We discovered quality of post only can reveal the popularity of a post with unknown positive or negative emotions. Our model (individual and joint topic) can not only reveal the popularity of the post but also present the direction of emotion. Furthermore, the outcomes showed emoticons has positive relations with number of share; particularly, Like and Love have highest impact on the relations. In other words, our model proves the positive influence of emoticons on a post in social media. In addition, we examine the relations between total number of emoji and number of share. The outcomes showed total number of emoji has higher positive relations than number of share on the curve of Google trend. The category of election has highest impact on the relations (the curve of Google trend) and shows emojis have positive relations on social media.
附註
指導教授 : 張瑋倫
碩士論文--淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班
附參考文獻
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